Innovation designated by: A.B. Wood Screw Pump
A.B. Wood Screw Pump
Courtesy ASME
This 14-foot tall Wood Screw Pump, constructed 1929, drained even more sewage/water/drainage than the 12-foot drains that preceded it
Sewerage and Water Board
625 St. Joseph
New Orleans, LA, USA
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A.B. Wood Screw Pump
Location: New Orleans, LA, USA
Date: 1914
One of the US's oldest surviving examples of the wind-driven Archimedes screw-pump.

With a water table several feet below ground level, New Orleans faced a crisis after every heavy rainfall, not just through flooding but also through disease (yellow fever and malaria) caused by impure water. New Orleans was dependent on mechanical means for lifting water from its canals and sewage systems.

A. Baldwin Wood (1879-1956), a young assistant city engineer, designed and installed a system of large screw pumps (axial flow machines) to syphon water and accelerate drainage. By 1915 the Wood screw pump became the most advanced drainage pump in use. After their successful operation in New Orleans, Wood's pumps were built in the Netherlands, Egypt, China, and India. Wood also redesigned Chicago's drainage system.

Era: 1910-1919